Reading is a core subject in early childhood education. Simple everyday techniques, such as helping a preschooler understand what is being read to him, are a fun, effective, and developmentally appropriate springboard for reading success. And reading comprehension and sequencing are two pre-reading skills that preschoolers can practice before they can read themselves!
Reading comprehension is understanding the meaning of the text. Young readers sometimes become so involved in the process of sounding out words, they forget to pay attention to what they are reading about! We can help the child learn to focus on what he/she reads by reviewing what we read together. Reading comprehension is understanding the meaning of the text. Young readers sometimes become so involved in the process of sounding out words, they forget to pay attention to what they are reading about! We can help your child learn to focus on what he reads by reviewing what we read together.
How to practice reading comprehension:
- wonder why. When a character does something in a story that is explained later, we ask the child why they think the character did it. As we continue to read, we can see if his guess was correct.
- notice new words. When we come across a word the child may not know, stop and ask him what the word means, explain it to him, then re-read the sentence. This will help him understand the meaning of what is being read and he will begin to feel more confident asking about words he doesn't know. Building a large vocabulary helps with reading because it's much easier to sound out a word that you know than one you have never heard before.
- reading review. Practice the important skill of retaining and reviewing information.
- delve into details. After the story is finished, we ask a series of questions about the events and characters. As we repeatedly engage in these discussions after reading, the child will likely begin to pay more attention to the details of the stories we read (and later, the stories he reads).
- sequencing is the ability to put the events of a story in the order in which they occurred (practice predicting, create sequence cards, build the child`s own book)
By adding just a few simple questions and activities to the story time, we can help the child begin to learn about important reading skills. Practicing reading comprehension and sequencing skills will help the child make sense of what is being read and help him become aware of what is happening in the text.
As an added benefit, it will add enjoyment to the time we spend reading with the child!